The First Aid Kit
There are no mandatory first aid kit items. Employers should determine first aid kit contents based
upon their first aid needs assessment. Here is a sample minimum stock of first aid items for a workplace
with no special risks:
· Guidance leaflet
eg HSE leaflet Basic advice on first aid at work
· 20 individually wrapped sterile adhesive dressings (assorted sizes);
two sterile eye pads;
four individually wrapped triangular
bandages (preferably sterile);
· six safety pins;
· six medium-sized (approximately 12 cm x 12 cm) individually wrapped sterile unmedicated
· two large (approximately 18 cm x 18 cm) sterile individually wrapped unmedicated wound dressings;
one pair of disposable gloves.
First Aid kits should be easily accessible, dust and damp proof, and properly marked. Kits
should not include tablets and medications but should be frequently examined and restocked. Sufficient
supplies should be kept in a back up stock on site.
Employers should provide First Aiders and appointed persons an accident book. If there are multiple
First Aiders, one central book should be used when practicable. The information to be recorded should include:
Incident date, time and location
Name and function of the injured or
· Injury or illness details and first aid delivered
· Immediate result (e.g. did person go home, go back to work, go
· Name and signature of the First Aider or person responding
Employers also have a responsibility under RIDDOR to report to the appropriate authority
any of the following:
§ Death or major injury
Injury of more than three days absence
§ Dangerous occurrence This information can help identify accident
trends and possible areas for improvement in the control of health and safety risks
Dealing with the Aftermath
a First Aider you must also understand hazardous substance disposal procedures. These items include:
Blood and body fluids
Broken glass or sharp debris
Place soiled items, including gloves, in a plastic bag (ideally
a dedicated yellow biohazard bag). Dispose of sharp objects in a plastic container (ideally a dedicated
sharps container). Seal and label the bag or container, indicating that it contains clinical waste.
Biohazard bags should be incinerated. If you don’t have this capability, ask your local ambulance
service or local environmental health department for suggestions. Continue cleanup with a bleach solution.
Moving and Transporting Casualties
First Aiders should move an injured or ill person only if there is clear and direct danger to the casualty’s
life or if emergency care is impossible due to a casualty’s location or position. Never move a casualty
unless absolutely necessary. How can you safely move a casualty without causing further harm ? Assisting
a casualty Select the appropriate transportation method and prepare equipment. When
possible use more than one person and elect a leader. Explain to casualty what is happening and solicit
co-operation from the casualty. Ensure the safety and comfort of all involved.
Supporting a walking casualty Stand on the casualty’s injured side and grip the casualty’s palm, holding the casualty’s arm out
slightly in front of their body. Pass a free arm around the casualty’s waist and grip their belt,
waistband or clothing. When the casualty is ready to move, take small steps walking at the casualty’s
pace. If the casualty starts to fall, assist them to the ground.
a fall Move behind the casualty and place your arms around the casualty. Place
your feet shoulder width apart and one foot in front of the other with knees slightly bent. Allow the casualty
to fall against and then down your body. Adjust their position to make them comfortable.
Moving a collapsed casualty onto a carry sheet for transport Roll the sheet lengthways to
half its width. Use a log roll, with helpers, to move the casualty onto their side and place the rolled
section of sheet against the casualty’s back. Lower the casualty back over the sheet and onto the
other side. Unroll the sheet and roll the casualty back onto the flat sheet. Ensure
they are fully supported throughout.