Regulate body processes, are necessary for proper cellular function, and comprise body tissue.

Minerals are solid inorganic substances that form crystals and are classified depending on how much of them we need.   Trace minerals, such as molybdenum, selenium, zinc, iron, and iodine, are only required in a few milligrams or less.  Macrominerals, such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and phosphorus, are required in hundreds of milligrams.  Many minerals are critical for enzyme function, while others are used to maintain fluid balance, build bone tissue, synthesize hormones, transmit nerve impulses, contract and relax muscles, and protect against harmful free radicals in the body that can cause health problems such as cancer.


Bone and teeth health maintenance, nerve transmission, muscle contraction, blood clotting


Fluid balance, stomach acid production.

Chloride aids in fluid balance by helping to maintain neutrality. Chloride also plays a role in controlling fluid releases, such as the flow of pancreatic juice into the small intestine and mucus. 

Food sources of chloride include tomatoes, lettuce, celery, and olives. Chloride is also found in table salt, sea salt as sodium chloride, and a salt substitute known as potassium chloride.


Protein production, nerve transmission, muscle contraction


Bone and teeth health maintenance, acid-base balance


Fluid balance, nerve transmission, muscle contraction

 Potassium is the most abundant positively charged ion inside of cells. It is present in all body tissues and is required for normal cell function due to its role in maintaining fluid balance.  It is important for many body functions, including kidney and heart function, muscle contraction, and nerve transmission. 

Potassium is abundant in fruits and vegetables, which are great food sources. Foods exceptionally rich in potassium include potatoes, tomatoes, avocados, bananas, orange juice, and vegetables such as root and leafy green vegetables. It is mainly added as a part of a salt substitute.


Fluid balance, nerve transmission, muscle contraction

Sodium is the primary regulator of water balance and plays an important role in nerve transmission, muscle contraction, nutrient absorption, and reabsorption. The kidneys control how much sodium is in the body. When there is too much sodium present in the body, the kidneys have difficulty getting rid of it, which causes it to build up in the blood. This can lead to high blood pressure and other health problems. Many diet’s major sodium source is salt, which is made up of sodium chloride.

Processed foods are high in sodium.  This includes fast and processed foods like pizza, chips, and condiments. The sodium present in foods such as milk, meat, eggs, and most vegetables only makes up about 10% of consumed sodium.


Protein production

Trace Minerals

Assists insulin in glucose metabolism


Coenzyme, iron metabolism


Bone and teeth health maintenance, tooth decay prevention


Thyroid hormone production, growth, metabolism


Carries oxygen, assists in energy production








Protein and DNA production, wound healing, growth, immune system function